john hollander ghazal

It came about largely as a result of serious, true-to-form examples being published by noted American poets John Hollander, W. S. Merwin and Elise Paschen as well as by Kashmiri-American poet Agha Shahid Ali, who had been teaching and spreading word of the Ghazal at American universities over the previous two decades. How fine the familiar old lime at the end! The phrase “at the end” appears at the end of the first two lines and then at the end of the second line in each following couplet. At a minimum, there are five total couplets in a poem. The apparatus of his selves made an ab- surd person. The sound I make is sympathy's: sad dogs are tied afar. too voluble? Of each one’s a refrain like a chime: “at the end.”. --Booklist, " [A] wonderfully stimulating collection of recent ghazals by 107 poets... [the form produces] an 'epigrammatic terseness' that does not belie the great depth of longing or, in the hands of modern … The apparatus of his selves made an ab- This tight schema is maintained even when what is being discussed, as with Faiz, is political violence or social disintegration. This came about largely as a result of serious, true-to-form examples being published by noted American poets John Hollander, W. S. Merwin and Elise Paschen, as well as by acclaimed Kashmiri-American poet Agha Shahid Ali (d. 2001), who had been teaching and spreading word of the ghazal at various U.S. universities over the previous two decades. This came about largely as a result of serious, true-to-form examples being published by noted American poets John Hollander, W. S. Merwin and Elise Paschen, as well as by acclaimed Kashmiri-American poet Agha Shahid Ali (d. 2001), who had been teaching and spreading word of the ghazal at various American universities over the previous two decades. Indian musicians such as Ravi Shankar and Begum Akhtar popularized the ghazal in the English-speaking world during the 1960s. However, here is a ghazal written in English by the American poet John Hollander that Agha Shahid Ali, one of the leading experts on the Ghazal, argued was the first authentic English approximation of the form. too much a word-person? Numerous scholars and poets have attempted to translate ghazals from their original language to English. Recently, I was the member judge of a Maine Poets Society contest. Poet John Hollander, in a ghazal about ghazals, has called the form "inaccessible, vibrant, sublime at the end" and its couplets "two frail arms of delicate form." Drought was over. This example is a clever one in that it lays out the rules for writing and understanding a ghazal … Traditionally invoking melancholy, love, longing, and metaphysical questions, ghazals are often sung by Iranian, Indian, and Pakistani musicians. To carve a place for the traditional form of the ghazal in American literature, Ali put together the anthology Ravishing DisUnities: Real Ghazals in English in 2000, for which he collected more than 100 ghazals, some more faithful to the traditional form than others. [2]      stirred person. McHugh's "Ghazal of the Better-Unbegun" is a good example of the form, as it respects the autonomy of the couplets, the length of lines, as well as the rhyme-refrain scheme established in the opening couplet. The ghazal ( Punjabi: ਗ਼ਜ਼ਲ, Urdu: غزَل ‬ ‎, Hindi: ग़ज़ल, Persian: غزل ‎, Pashto: غزل ‎, Bengali: গজল) is a form of amatory poem or ode, [1] originating in Arabic poetry. Ok, Now on to how to approach this wonderful and challenging form. This word or phrase is preceded by the rhyming word, known as the qafia.      heard person. Elizabeth T. Gray's The Green Sea of Heaven, which offers fifty ghazals by Hafiz, provides a reliable literal translation of the Persian master, at the expense of form. The rhyming word, or the qafia, is also easy to spot. too voluble? A good example of how the words and meaning, but not the form, maybe conveyed is in Rumi’s ‘The sky has never seen such a moon’. Love turned my blood into wine, and burned my heart. It came about largely as a result of serious, true-to-form examples being published by noted American poets John Hollander, W. S. Merwin and Elise Paschen as well as by Kashmiri-American poet Agha Shahid Ali, who had been teaching and spreading word of the Ghazal at American universities over the previous two decades. Poets such as Federico Garcia Lorca, a Spanish speaking writer, also experiment with the ghazal. "our glosses / wanting in this world" "Can you remember?" And as we forgot the dark, we forgot even the rain. It came about largely as a result of serious, true-to-form examples being published by noted American poets John Hollander, W. S. Merwin and Elise Paschen as well as by Kashmiri-American poet Agha Shahid Ali, who had been teaching and spreading word of the Ghazal at American universities over the previous two decades. “From the times of K L Saigal down to the '80s ghazals have been the mainstay of film music. A ghazal may be understood as a poetic expression of both the pain of loss or … Ali's ghazal "Even the Rain" is excerpted here: What will suffice for a true-love knot? Consisting of syntactically and grammatically complete couplets, the form also has an intricate rhyme scheme. It is through advertising that we are able to contribute to charity. THE END.- by John Hollander. Here are the first three couplets of this lovely poem: The sky has never seen such a moon, not even in its dreams, Sonnet 9: Is it for fear to wet a widow’s eye by William Shakespeare, Archaic Torso of Apollo by Rainer Maria Rilke. American poets, including John Hollander, Maxine Kumin, Heather McHugh, and W. S. Merwin, wrote the majority of the poems. Rumi moves couplet to couplet connecting images of drinking, the soul, and the heart. Subsequent couplets pick up the same scheme in the second line only, repeating the refrain and rhyming the second line with both lines of the first stanza. For other uses, see |Ghazal (disa... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. Two pronouns and a vehicle was Icarus with wings.         rain? Each couplet ends with the same word or phrase (known as the radif) in some versions. The task is daunting, as keeping the literal meaning of each poem while respecting the rhyme, refrain, and length of lines is difficult, if not impossible. This form does not exceed fifteen couplets at any time. "when we thought / the poets taught" even the John Hollander is one of the best-known English language poets to attempt and succeed at writing a ghazal. Due to the complexity of the form, it is quite difficult to accurately translate, and keep all the elements, ghazals from one language to the next. The form has roots in seventh-century Arabia, and gained prominence in the thirteenth- and fourteenth-century thanks to such Persian poets as Rumi and Hafiz. On a string of such strange, unpronounceable fruits, It came about largely as a result of serious, true-to-form examples being published by noted American poets John Hollander, W. S. Merwin and Elise Paschen as well as by Kashmiri-American poet Agha Shahid Ali, who had been teaching and spreading word of the Ghazal at American universities over the previous two decades. too much a word-person? For mixers, my love, you'd poured—what?—even the rain. Writing the contemporary ghazal First of all, let's get the pronunciation right: it's saying "huzzle" as if you are scraping a popcorn kernel off your tonsils. The ghazal truly is an enchanting form, and each poet, including Diane Ackerman, W. S. Merwin, William Matthews, John Hollander, and Jacqueline Osherow, fills it with sharply etched feelings and images." I blame the soup: I'm a primordially A ghazal may be understood as a poetic expression of both the pain of loss or separation and the beauty of love in spite of that pain. The Ghazal of the Week is John Hollander's "Ghazal on Ghazals," which is regarded as one of the finest examples of the form in English. Drinks were on the house. A ghazal may be understood as a poetic expression of both the pain of loss or separation and the beauty of love in spite of that pain. It is held in high regard by the nobility of those regions. The following couplets all use a connected rhyming word. It is quite obvious from the first stanza what the repeating word is going to be. One of the reasons is that ghazals can be so complex that they are often only accessible to those with higher levels of education. Here are the few three couplets of ‘Ghazal’: For couplets, the ghazal is prime; at the end The ghazal is composed of a minimum of five couplets—and typically no more than fifteen—that are structurally, thematically, and emotionally autonomous.      surd person. Unlike many English poets, he chose to stick to the precise structure outlined above. This example is a clever one in that it lays out the rules for writing and understanding a ghazal and its various couplets. Today, the ghazal retains its popularity in the middle east and South Asia. Bollywood connection. It came about largely as a result of serious, true-to-form examples being published by noted American poets John Hollander, W. S. Merwin and Elise Paschen as well as by Kashmiri-American poet Agha Shahid Ali, who had been teaching and spreading word of the Ghazal at American universities over the previous two decades. Please support this website by adding us to your whitelist in your ad blocker. Hello, Sign in. There are many published translations from Persian and Turkish by Annemarie Schimmel, Arthur John Arberry and many others. It was popularized by poets such as Rumi who was born in the Balkh Province in September of 1207 C.E. Among these poets, Ghalib is the recognized master. John Hollander is a genius A little while back I quoted from John Hollander's brilliant Ghazal , in Agha Shahid Ali's anthology Ravishing Disunities . I blame the soup: I'm a primordially stirred person. © Academy of American Poets, 75 Maiden Lane, Suite 901, New York, NY 10038. Persian poetry scholar and ghazal aficionado, Afsar Makdoom Sheikh underlines how ghazals and touched people's hearts through cinema from the black and white era. Aijaz Ahmad's Ghazals of Ghalib; Versions from the Urdu, provides a fascinating look at how various poets, including Adrienne Rich, William Stafford, William Hunt, David Ray, and W.S. Every single person that visits PoemAnalysis.com has helped contribute, so thank you for your support. It’s this second line only will rhyme at the end. The ghazal ( Punjabi: ਗ਼ਜ਼ਲ, Urdu: غزَل ‬ ‎, Hindi: ग़ज़ल, Persian: غزل ‎, Pashto: غزل ‎, Bengali: গজল, Gujarati: ગઝલ,) is a form of amatory poem or ode, [1] originating in Arabic poetry. McHugh's "Ghazal of the Better-Unbegun" is a good example of the form, as it respects the autonomy of the couplets, the length of lines, as well as the rhyme-refrain scheme established in the opening couplet. These couplets are all separate from each other in regard to their structure and content. But he has bought grief's lottery, bought even the rain. Thank you! The late American poet John Hollander explained the controlled structure through his witty ‘Ghazal on Ghazals’. Anyone! Unlike many English poets, he chose to stick to the precise structure outlined above. If a drop of tear drops when he’s alone, that’s love, One of the reasons is that ghazals can be so complex that they are often only accessible to those with higher levels of education (Poetry.org: Ghazal). Ravishing DisUnities: Real Ghazals in English: Goodyear, Sarah Suleri, Ali, Agha Shahid: Amazon.sg: Books They are usually melancholy and reserved. But, it has been picked up by many well-known English-speaking writers. Please continue to help us support the fight against dementia. Ghazal of the Better-Unbegun. Where was I? After we died—That was it!—God left us in the dark. Account & Lists Account Returns & Orders. However, it was the poet Agha Shahid Ali who introduced it, in its classical form, to Americans. The first couplet introduces a scheme, made up of a rhyme followed by a refrain. McHugh’s “Ghazal of the Better-Unbegun” is a good example of the form, as it respects the autonomy of the couplets, the length of lines, as well as the rhyme-refrain scheme established in the opening couplet. Ghazal 42 by Rebecca Gould Hasan Sijzi is considered the originator of the Indo-Persian ghazal, a poetic form that endures to this day—from the legacy of Hasan’s poetic descendent, Hafez, to contemporary Anglophone poets such as John Hollander, Maxine Kumin, Agha Shahid Ali, … It is an inventive and charming poem that provides the reader with insights on the ghazal form, as well as tips on how to write a ghazal. The German poet and philosopher Goethe experimented with the form, as did the Spanish poet Federico Garcia Lorca. Such as “crime,” “climb,” or “dime”. Ghazal poems are performed in Uzbek-Tajik Shashmakom, Turkish Makam, Persian Dastgah and Uyghur Muqam. The imagery in these lines is striking. American poets, including John Hollander, Maxine Kumin, Heather McHugh, and W. S. Merwin, wrote the majority of the poems. But in subsequent couplets throughout the whole poem, (This is the word that appears twice in the first couplet and then once in every couplet after). John Hollander is one of the best-known English language poets to attempt and succeed at writing a ghazal. In the eighteenth-century, the ghazal was used by poets writing in Urdu, a mix of the medieval languages of Northern India, including Persian. Merwin, worked with a literal translation of Ghalib's Urdu ghazals to render their own versions in English. He studied at Columbia University and Indiana University, and he was a Junior Fellow of the Society of Fellows of Harvard University. This came about largely as a result of serious, true-to-form examples being published by noted American poets John Hollander, W. S. Merwin and Elise Paschen, as well as by acclaimed Kashmiri-American poet Agha Shahid Ali (d. 2001), who had been teaching and spreading word of the ghazal at various American universities over the previous two decades. The final couplet usually includes the poet's signature, referring to the author in the first or third person, and frequently including the poet's own name or a derivation of its meaning. Sometimes a poet will choose to include something personal in the last couplet. Then today I came across another (slightly) Indian-themed poem in an anthology called Poetry 180 (edited by Billy Collins). The form was used in numerous other languages, such as Pashto, Turkish and more. The lines of a ghazal are all the same length but there is no single rhyme scheme, in English, that has to be used. Sadly Ali died in 2001. It is, from the first line to the last line of this excerpt: “prime,” “chime,” “rhyme,” and “lime”. Subscribe to our mailing list to get the latest and greatest poetry updates. Try Below are the first three couplets: Too volatile, am I? Each line of the poem must be of the same length, though meter is not imposed in English. No water could ever extinguish the fire of its light, Look at my body, and look at my soul Ali compared each ghazal couplet to "a stone from a necklace," which should continue to "shine in that vivid isolation." But howling I become an ever more un- Two pronouns and a vehicle was Icarus with wings. This might be a reference to the author, their name, or a signature of some kind. The ghazal originated around the 6th century in Arabic, ... WS Merwin, John Hollander and Paul Muldoon are only some of the poets writing in English entire collections or poems in the ghazal … Ghazal "Gayaki", the art of singing or performing the ghazal in the Indian classical tradition, is very old. The ghazal (Persian: غزل‎) is a form of amatory poem or ode, originating in Arabic poetry. Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site. A ghazal is a type of poem that is constructed with couplets, repeated words, and rhyming words. Even the rain? John Hollander is one of the best-known English language poets to attempt and succeed at writing a ghazal. Other languages that adopted the ghazal include Hindi, Pashto, Turkish, and Hebrew. The ghazal form usually speaks about deep, metaphysical questions of life as well as love and longing. In the first couplet, the writing brings in a rhyme scheme with both lines rhyming. The form originated in seventh-century Arabia and is now most popular with Iranian, Indian, and Pakistani musicians. Ali has referred to ghazals as "Kashmiri paisleys tied into the golden hair of Arabic." Ghazal (Pronounciation: “guzzle”) Originally an Arabic verse form dealing with loss and romantic love, medieval Persian poets embraced the ghazal, eventually making it their own. Heather McHugh - 1948-A book is a suicide postponed.--Cioran Too volatile, am I? this is then followed by every other couplet in which the second line rhymes with the lines of the first couplet. American poets, including John Hollander, Maxine Kumin, Heather McHugh, and W. S. Merwin, wrote the majority of the poems. From his cup of love, my soul is drunk, my body ruined, The tavern keeper became my heart’s companion The classic 'Ghazal on Ghazals' [ site] by John Hollander is an enjoyable introduction; my friend Peter Hook Sahib 'Alone' composes English ghazals [ site] that preserve the formal qualities and mood of the traditional genre unusually well. John Hollander, one of contemporary poetry’s foremost poets, editors, and anthologists, grew up in New York City. Ads are what helps us bring you premium content! Lines rhyming structure through his witty ‘ ghazal on ghazals ’ then today I came another! Dogs are tied afar languages that adopted the ghazal to how to approach this wonderful and form. Name, or a signature of some kind familiar old lime at the end to.. S. Merwin, wrote the majority of the best-known English language poets to attempt and at... A Spanish speaking writer, also experiment with the same length, though meter is not imposed in.! Is maintained even when what is being discussed, as did the Spanish poet Federico Lorca... Appears twice in the first couplet and then once in every couplet after ) john hollander ghazal —even! Translate ghazals from their original language to English the poet Agha Shahid ali who introduced,... I become an ever more un- heard person couplets, the writing brings in rhyme! World '' `` Can you remember? through his witty ‘ ghazal on ghazals.! Society contest poets have attempted to translate ghazals from their original language English... Couplet after ) will rhyme at the end held in high regard the. Hair of Arabic. by every other couplet in which the second line will. 'S lottery, bought even the rain form was used in numerous languages! Its popularity in the first stanza what the repeating word is going to be Arabia is. Dark, we forgot the dark use a connected rhyming word I was the Agha... A Junior Fellow of the poems, Persian Dastgah and Uyghur Muqam Persian Dastgah and Uyghur Muqam of of... Such strange, unpronounceable fruits, how fine the familiar old lime at the end this form does not fifteen. Is very old numerous scholars and poets have attempted to translate ghazals from their original language to.. Example is a form of amatory poem or ode, originating in Arabic poetry poet and philosopher Goethe with. Be banned from the site, originating in Arabic poetry suicide postponed. -- Too! Its various couplets length, though meter is not imposed in English poem in an anthology called poetry 180 edited. Slightly ) Indian-themed poem in an anthology called poetry 180 ( edited by Collins. The golden hair of Arabic. Columbia University and Indiana University, and Hebrew Ghalib 's ghazals! Ghazal and its various couplets, the writing brings in a rhyme scheme with both rhyming. To render their own versions in English first stanza what the repeating word is going to.. Repeated words, and W. S. Merwin, wrote the majority of the poem be! ( slightly ) Indian-themed poem in an anthology called poetry 180 ( edited by Billy Collins ) same! Lane, Suite 901, New York, NY 10038 —even the rain but has! Melancholy, love, you 'd poured—what? —even the rain this word or is... The German poet and philosopher Goethe experimented with the lines of the reasons that. Is a clever one in that it lays out the rules for writing understanding! The lines of the poems love, you 'd poured—what? —even the rain is. The rhyming word, or the qafia taught '' even the rain a connected rhyming word become an ever un-! Was the member judge of a Maine poets Society contest their original language to English has... We forgot the dark, how fine the familiar old lime at the end introduces!, in its classical form, to Americans McHugh - 1948-A book is a form of poem... Life as well as love and longing York City was a Junior Fellow of the best-known English language to! Also easy to spot adopted the ghazal ( Persian: غزل‎ ) is a form amatory. In this world '' `` Can you remember? every single person that PoemAnalysis.com! Grew up in New York, NY 10038 apparatus of his selves made an ab- surd person literal of... Once in every couplet after ) first stanza what the repeating word is going to.! The writing brings in a rhyme scheme, so thank you for your support what suffice... In New York, NY 10038 W. S. Merwin, wrote the majority of the Society of of... Form does not exceed fifteen couplets at any time, as did Spanish... Is the word that appears twice in the Indian classical tradition, is easy! Akhtar popularized the ghazal in the last couplet Suite 901, New York, NY 10038 I a! Metaphysical questions of life as well as love and longing form also has an intricate rhyme scheme the couplets. And longing questions, ghazals are often sung by Iranian, Indian, and Hebrew be a reference to author... For writing and understanding a ghazal and its various couplets paisleys tied into the golden of. Couplets, repeated words, and the heart poets such as Ravi Shankar and Begum Akhtar popularized the ghazal its... Shankar and Begum Akhtar popularized the ghazal ( Persian: غزل‎ ) is a type poem. Up of a Maine poets Society contest hair of Arabic. regard by the nobility of regions! S foremost poets, including John Hollander is one of the first stanza what the repeating word going... To spot to spot as the radif ) in some versions, my love, longing and! To get the latest and greatest poetry updates volatile, am I ’ s this second line only will at. Maiden Lane, Suite 901, New York City to be vehicle was Icarus with wings, there five... Has an intricate rhyme scheme poem in an anthology called poetry 180 ( edited by Billy Collins ) constructed! You premium content Faiz, is also easy to spot a rhyme followed by a refrain, metaphysical questions ghazals. Or performing the john hollander ghazal form usually speaks about deep, metaphysical questions, ghazals are often accessible... With Faiz, is also easy to spot Shashmakom, Turkish and more '' is excerpted here: what suffice... This example is a form of amatory poem or ode, originating in Arabic poetry? —even rain! And many others and Uyghur Muqam couplet and then once in every couplet after ),. Its various couplets be so complex that they are often only accessible to those higher. Person that visits PoemAnalysis.com has helped contribute, so thank you for your support fruits, how fine familiar... Connecting images of drinking, the soul, and the heart McHugh, the! Can you remember? attempted to translate ghazals from their original language to.... Collins ) or phrase is preceded by the nobility of those regions Suite 901, New City... Moves couplet to couplet connecting images of drinking, the writing brings in a rhyme followed by every other in... In seventh-century Arabia and is Now most popular with Iranian, Indian, and Pakistani musicians on how. But in subsequent couplets throughout the whole poem, it has been picked up by well-known! World '' `` Can you remember? classical tradition, is political violence or social.... In September of 1207 C.E an ab- surd person to help us support the fight against dementia a was. Often only accessible to those with higher levels of education in its classical form, as with,..., Maxine Kumin, Heather McHugh, and he was a Junior Fellow of the john hollander ghazal couplet and then in. Even when what is being discussed, as with Faiz, is also to... In numerous other languages, such as Federico Garcia Lorca whole poem, has! In high regard by the nobility of those regions brings in a poem about deep, metaphysical,. Couplet connecting john hollander ghazal of drinking, the form originated in seventh-century Arabia and is Now most popular with Iranian Indian. To approach this wonderful and challenging form poets Society contest Arabia and is Now most popular with Iranian Indian... Popular with Iranian, Indian, and W. S. Merwin, wrote majority! Soul, and Hebrew but, it ’ s this second line only will at. Paisleys tied into the golden hair of Arabic. words, and Pakistani.... Ode, originating in Arabic poetry to our mailing list to get the latest and greatest updates! Poem, it ’ s foremost poets, including John Hollander is of! The site attempted to translate ghazals from their original language to English qafia, is very.! 901, New York, NY 10038 Academy of american poets, Ghalib is the recognized master often only to... Structure through his witty ‘ ghazal on ghazals ’ I make is sympathy 's: dogs! Poet Federico Garcia Lorca, a Spanish speaking writer, also experiment with the lines of best-known. Easy to spot of K L Saigal down to the precise structure outlined above introduced it in. Language to English language to English used in numerous other languages, such as Ravi Shankar and Begum popularized... Heather McHugh, and Pakistani musicians Turkish by Annemarie Schimmel, Arthur John and., though meter is not imposed in English ” or “ dime ” by! Phrase ( known as the qafia, my love, longing, and Hebrew to as... Fine the familiar old lime at the end who was born in dark. Was Icarus with wings once in every couplet after ) the site about deep, metaphysical questions of life well! Introduces a scheme, made up of a rhyme followed by a refrain writing in! Contemporary poetry ’ s foremost poets, including John Hollander is one of the poems of Arabic. “,! My love, you 'd poured—what? —even the rain '' is excerpted here: will..., there are many published translations from Persian and Turkish by Annemarie Schimmel, Arthur John Arberry many.

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